Oil Frame Filter Press

The oil frame filter press is mainly used for filtering the crude oil pressed out by screw type oil press. The serial oil filter presses of frame typed oil filtering machine are ideal equipments for edible oil plant and individual oil processing house.

Frame Filter Press Oil frame filter press always be used as a oil purifier in the oil plants for edible oil or biodiesel. This model filter is suitable for filter crude oil and refined oil, and it is also can be used to filter bleaching oil in the refining workshop.

Crude (freshly extracted) oil contains moisture, and fiber, resins, colors etc. from the plant material, which make it darker and more opaque. These materials are removed by clarification – either by letting the oil stands undisturbed for a few days and then separating the upper layer, or by using an oil frame filter press. The oil is filtered through a cloth and heated briefly to 100°C to boil off any remaining traces of moisture. This is usually sufficient to meet the quality needs of customers and give a shelf life of several months when correctly packaged. However, the oil requires additional refining stages of de-gumming, neutralising and de-colouring to have a similar quality to commercially refined oils, and these stages are difficult to complete at a small scale.

Our oil frame filter press is characterized by convinient operation, stable technical effect, high capacity and low impurity.

What is Oilseed Processing?

Oilseed processing is the process of removing oil from oilseed.

Oilseed processing begins with the harvesting of oilseed on the farm where its grown, and continues through oilseed extraction where the oil in the oilseed is extracted, clarification, packaging, storage and shipping of the final oilseed oil.  Oilseed processing depends on several variables including the type of oilseed as well as the location, could be fully automated, or may require people to hand pick the oilseeds or nuts.
oilseed processing

Small-scale oilseed processing is of interest as a potential on-farm or community enterprise that can increase income and employment in rural areas. Many seeds, nuts and kernels contain oil, a vegetable oil, which can be used after it’s removed, in the following uses:

  • cooking
  • as an ingredient in other foods
  • as a nutritional supplement
  • as a raw material for the manufacture of soap, body and hair oils, detergents and paints

Some of these oils may also be used to replace certain petroleum-based lubricants and fuels. Small-scale oil extraction is more common in India, because there have more oilseeds to do oilseed processing. If you have interested in oil processing for cooking oil, you can Email to us, we can help you!  Email:info@oil-press.net

Oil Refining Process Overview

Oil refining is the procedure of processing pure vegetable oils into edible bakery fats and oils, and the procedure contains three basic processes at the very least.

The first process is neutralization, which involves neutralizing the oil to remove free fatty acids by adding caustic soda. The oil and caustic soda mixture is heated up and stirred to induce a chemical reaction between the two that causes soap stock to form oil refinery plant . The mixture is then left for the soap stock to settle at the bottom of the neutraliser from where it is taken out into a soap pan.

The second process is bleaching, where the neutralized oil is drawn from the neutraliser to a bleacher. The bleaching process is done under a vacuum and it removes the colour from the oil with chemicals like carbon black and bleaching earth. The oil is once again heated up to a higher temperature by thermic fluid coils and stirred to speed up the chemical reaction.
oil refining process
The last process is called deodorizing, which is the process of removing the smell from the oil under high vacuum. The bleached oil and chemicals are separated from each other in a filter press and clean, colourless oil is drawn into the deodorizer. The clean oil is then heated through thermic fluid coils while live steam is injected into the oil through steam nozzles at the bottom of the deodorizer. The temperature of the oil is raised even higher and the odour of the oil is removed.

Refining palm oil includes an additional process named fractionation. This involves scientifically cooling the refined palm oil by chilling plant to separate palm olene and palm sterene. A crystallizing vessel with chilling pipe coils is used to cool the oil, which cause palm sterene crystals to form. Pure palm olene liquid is then filtered from the filter press and the palm sterene cake is retained click here to know more information.

Once these basic processes are complete, the oil goes to a cooler where water circulating coils reduce the heat until the oil is completely cooled. Again it goes to a second filter press where the completely refined, colourless and odourless oil is obtained and ready for packaging.

How To Invest In Oil Palm Production ?

Oil palm is native to West Africa. Nigeria used to be the world’s largest producer of oil palm before the crude oil boom era. Malaysia has now taken the leading position.  Oil palm plantation and allied industries is now the main stay of Malaysian economy. Malaysia came to Nigeria in the 70s to obtain oil palm seeds and seedlings. Oil palm can be used in various ways; the leaves are used in making brooms and as roofing materials (in the rural areas). The bark of the fond can be peeled and woven into baskets.

oil palm production

The main trunk can be split like sawn timbers and used as part of building materials. Palm wine can be obtained from oil palm, red palm oil is readily obtainable from the fresh fruit bunches. When the fruit is processed the residue obtained can be used as fuel (for cooking and fertilizer to improve soil nutrient).  Red palm oil is used in cooking, making soap, candle and margarine. Palm kernel oil can be extracted from the nut.
The residue obtainable in the process of palm kernel oil extraction otherwise called palm kernel cake is used as livestock feed. Palm kernel oil is used in vegetable oil and soap making.  Palm Kernel shells are also useful as energy source and industrial raw materials such as mosquito coils.

The uses to which oil palm can be made seem non exhaustive. This clearly indicates that investment made in the establishment of oil palm plantation is nothing but a wise one. The market is guaranteed for all the products of oil palm plantation in this era of global food crisis.

Technical information
oil palmTo establish oil palm plantation, it involves getting a good site where rich, well drained acidic soils are abundant. The soil should have adequate quantities of potassium, magnesium and nitrogen. Soil tests should therefore be carried out to determine the nutrient status of the land.It is usually better to use the early maturing variety called tenera, which bears fruits as from the fourth year.

Other requirements include seedlings procurement; this can be obtained from reputable nurseries. Prospective investors must engage the services of Agricultural experts in the course of establishing this project.Other cultural practices are planting, regular weeding, pruning and fertilizer application. Serious minded investors will be guided accordingly in the implementation of this project.

Income analysis
A matured plantation will start to give investor five 5 tons per hectare of red palm oil annually from the fourth year per hectare. 100 metric tons of oil can be obtained annually from 20 hectare plantation. A ton of red palm oil is a minimum of N150,000. Gross revenue of N15 million is obtained from red palm oil.

We can also get three metric tons of palm kernel per hectare. This gives us 60 tons from 20 hectares. This translates to annual income of N4.2 million. Total income realisable is about N19.2 million while the annual operating expense is put at N5.8 million.

This leaves us with net income N13.4 million annually for the investor for the rest of his/her live. There are still other sources of income such as palm fronds and palm kernel shells. Serious minded investors can be assisted in the realisation of this worth while investment.